Bones is based upon Kathy Reich’s Temperance Brennan novels, appearing Thursday at 9 EST on FOX. The heroine, Temperance Brennan, shows striking similarity to her creator, the talented forensic scientist and archaeologist Kathy Reichs. To learn more about Kathy’s role in producing the show, explore this sub-site and get ready to become addicted to the show.
A journalist once queried, “What questions are you most frequently asked?” Good one. A question about questions. Like a Bones episode. Layers inside layers. The answer is easy. In descending order: how did Tempe score a TV series? How does the television character differ from that in your books?
Since authors write about what they know, my novels began with a job. My job. I am a forensic anthropologist. Thus, Temperance Brennan’s occupation was a given from the start. So were my plot lines. I draw story ideas from what I do.
Deja Dead is based on my first serial murder investigation. Death Du Jour derives from work I performed for the Catholic Church, and from the mass murder-suicides that took place within the Solar Temple cult. Deadly Decisions stems from the many bones brought to me grace a la Quebec Hells Angels. Fatal Voyage is based on my disaster recovery work. Grave Secrets was inspired by my participation in the exhumation of a Guatemalan mass grave. Bare Bones sprang from moose remains I examined for wildlife agents. Monday Mourning grew from three skeletons discovered in a pizza parlor basement. Cross Bones draws on my visit to Israel, incorporating strangely unreported Masada bones, a burial box supposedly that of Jesus’ brother, James, and a recently looted first-century tomb. Break No Bones goes back to my archaeological roots and examines the physical evidence of organ theft. Bones to Ashes originated with the discovery of a child’s skeleton in the Acadian heartland of Maritime Canada.
Okay. Real crime turned into thrillers. But why the leap to the small screen? The fit seemed natural. A strong leading lady. Stories of murder solved with gizmos and science.
How it all came together is a bit hazy to me. In the end, Barry Josephson liked the idea of a character that could be taken from the lab into varying work situations. Hart Hanson liked the idea of contrast, sometimes conflict, between the pragmatic, intuitive mind-set of the cop versus the deductive, analytical approach of the scientist. Johnny Law versus the squints. Thus, Bones was born.
From the outset it was important to me that the heroine of the series differ somewhat from that in my books. If the two were identical, how would that impact future novels? I often give nicknames to the victims I analyze at my lab. I guess I’ve done that with Bones, labeling the two manifestations of my character “TV Tempe” and “Book Tempe.”
TV Tempe is at an earlier stage of life than her literary counterpart. Younger, she is less sophisticated, with pop cultural awareness and people skills that still need polish. Instead of Montreal or the Carolinas, TV Tempe works in Washington, D.C., a setting I find particularly appropriate. As an undergraduate, I attended American University. The first skeleton I held in my hands was at the Smithsonian’s Natural History Museum, a template for the show’s Jeffersonian Institution.
Perhaps the fourth most frequently posed question concerns my satisfaction with the show. As development began, my hope was that the series capture the issues of forensic science, while simultaneously, showing the humanity of the participants, and the occasional humor needed to preserve emotional balance. I believe each episode does that beautifully. My role as a producer is to keep the science on track. I think I do a reasonably good job.
In my view, Emily’s portrayal of Tempe is perfect. She is a woman and a scientist struggling to control passion, maintain objectivity, and be sensitive to human vulnerability. To maintain humor and grace in a difficult and often heartrending occupation. David’s interpretation of Seeley Booth as an old style cop relying on instinct and legwork is dead on. So Tempe reads evidence while Booth reads people. Things aren’t always harmonious, but the chemistry between them couldn’t be better.
Eric, Michaela, TJ, and Tamara round out the dream team. Every actor, writer, and producer is a pleasure to work with. And the best part? No one complains when I do dumb things on set.
In sum, Bones is all I hoped it would be, with each episode underscoring the dedication of detectives and lab scientists working hand in hand in the pursuit of justice – the camaraderie, the teamwork, and yes, even the romance. Trust me. It happens. Cops and squints aren’t exclusively about bugs and bones.
Dr. Kathy Reichs is the woman behind Temperance Brennan both onscreen and in print. A member of a rare field of forensic anthropologists, board certified by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology, Reichs works for the office of the Chief Medical Examiner in the state of North Carolina and for the Laboratoire des Sciences Judiciaires et de Medecine Legale for the province of Quebec. She is also Professor of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. But she has become best known for her series of books about fictional forensic anthropologist Dr. Temperance Brennnan. And that success has led to a television series being made that is inspired by her life and her books. It was not exactly the path she initially saw herself pursuing.
“I actually trained to do archeology,” Reichs explains. “And I was doing that. I was working with ancient skeletons and then the police started bringing me cases. Today there is a formal process of board certification as with all the other forensic specialties, but back then that wasn’t the case. When the police found bones, they didn’t really know what to do with them, so they just took them to this bone person, the anthropologist out at the university, and that’s how I started getting cases; that’s when I made the shift. I just found doing the forensic anthropology more relevant. It wasn’t quite as esoteric or academic as archeology: you could actually impact someone’s life.”
Reichs’ reputation in her field grew, along with her experience. In the course of her career, she has testified on the UN Tribunal on Genocide in Rwanda, helped identify bones found in mass graves in Guatemala (as Brennan is returning from doing in the pilot episode of Bones), and worked at Ground Zero in New York after the terrorist attacks on 9/11. Accompanying her field and lab work, she has also published nonfiction books on forensic anthropology. But all that wasn’t enough for her.
“I didn’t want to do another journal article,” she says. “I didn’t want to do another textbook that would be read just by my colleagues. I’d made full professor, which meant I was pretty much free to do what I wanted; so, I thought it would be fun to write fiction – to try something different. And I would also be bringing my science to a broader audience.”
The first book in her series was released in 1997, and was titled Deja Dead. It followed Dr. Temperance Brennan, the director of forensic anthropology for the Province of Quebec (and a recent transplant from North Carolina), as she worked to solve a case that only she considered to be the work of a serial killer. The book became a New York Times bestseller, won the 1997 Ellis Award for Best First Novel and evolved into a series of successful novels following that character.
It was those books, and a documentary that was produced which explained exactly what it is that Dr. Kathy Reichs does for a living, that caught executive producer Barry Josephson’s eye and ultimately led to the creation of Bones. Rather than just taking Reichs’ books and putting them on television, the producers decided to focus on her real life work for their inspiration, whilst adding a sprinkling of her fictional character, Temperance Brennan, into the mix. “She is a forensic anthropologist by day, and that’s based on my character in my book,” explains Reichs. “But in her off time, she writes novels – and that’s based on me.” Furthermore, just to add to the complex twisting of fiction and reality, the name of the character in TV Brennan’s novels? Dr. Kathy Reichs.